What are the causal links between changes in climate and in human societies? In a new paper in WIREs Climate Change, Charpentier Ljungqvist et al discuss human history and past climate variability and change in medieval and early modern Europe in the time period from AD 700–1815. The paper is based on an extensive review of 165 studies published between 2000 and 2019 and from various disciplines. The review suggests geographical biases, and a disproportional attention to extremely cold periods, and periods of crises. Furthermore, it is concluded disciplinary approaches have limitations that can be successfully overcome through interdisciplinary collaborations and needs to be expanded.
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