New Paper

Researchers from Europe, Russia, and the United States have just published the article “Cooling and societal change during the Late Antique Little Ice Age from 536 to around 660 AD” in Nature Geoscience. They show how unprecedented volcanic cooling, larger than previously known, followed three large eruptions 536, 540 and 547 AD, and resulted in famine and plausibly contributed to large-scale migration, a plague pandemic that ripped through the Eastern Roman Empire, and expansion of the Arab Empire. IHOPE scientists Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist and Jed O. Kaplan are among the authors. The paper can be retrieved here.