Stephan Barthel defended his PhD thesis in 2008 in natural resource management. 2010-2012 he completed at postdoctoral position at the department of Urban History in Stockholm. He currently holds a research position at Stockholm Resilience Centre. The research of Stephan Barthel attempts to understand environmental issues in metropolitan landscapes, with focus on social-ecological systems that have a bearing on the capacity to manage, plan and design for ecosystem services. He is involved in several GIS-mapping projects. Some of his work deals with food security. He has done historical studies on urban food security and studies on food security on the regional scale, where the concept of bio-cultural refugia was developed. Another line of research focus on social sustainability issues related to urban ecosystem services.
Valentina Caracuta Archaeobotanist, Palaeoecologist, Palaeoclimatologist currently employed as Researcher at the Laboratory of Archaeobotany and Palaecology. University of Salento-Lecce, Italy. My research focuses on the Southern Levant, and I aim to identify the environmental changes between the Late Pleistocene and the Early Holocene, and to study the adaptive strategies developed by the prehistoric humans in response to the changing environment. In the course of my research, I use archaeological plant remains to investigate a wide range of human behaviour and to identify short-term climate changes driven by both natural and anthropogenic agents. I systematically apply radiocarbon dating to the plant macrofossils to measure the temporal extent of environmental change or to compare climatic events on an absolute chronological scale. I measure the stable carbon isotope ratio (δ13C) of archaeological plant remains to obtain information about the water input received by the plant during its life cycle, which in turn provide insights into local changes in precipitation. The combination of 14C and δ13C dating of the archaeological plant remains allows me to identify changes in the regional palaeorainfall regime directly from plant material collected in the archaeological layers, and thus provides a critical and unique insight into the history of past climate. Over the years, I have explored the potential of such a methodology to infer information about the palaeoclimate and agricultural practices across a large number of key sites in Syria, Italy, Egypt and Israel. Read more here.
Jago Cooper is Curator and Head of the Americas Section at the British Museum since 2012. His research focuses on how past island societies have experienced different periodicities and impacts of climatic variability and environmental change. Key to this research are attempts to identify what lessons can be learnt for modern-day island populations facing increasing threats from rising sea levels, precipitation variation and cyclone intensification. In 2012 Cooper and Payson Sheets published an edited book entitled Surviving Sudden Environmental Change: Answers from Archaeology that exemplifies this research with a range of related studies that all aim to produce useful content for disaster management practitioners. Cooper is most active within IHOPE Islands that facilitates inter-regional discussion between scholars working with issues of past and future human-climate-environment relationships in different island theatres around the world.
Anneli Ekblom is a senior lecturer and researcher at the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala University. Her main research interest is centred on socio-environmental dynamics; an interdisciplinary study residing in the intersection between Environmental History, Historical Ecology and Archaeology. The past is viewed is an experimental lab, meaning that many of the options that are presently available to us, whether it comes to environmental management, sustainability or policy issues have been tested and tried in the past. Ekblom is a project leader of the research node Mind & Nature and coordinate the Ma programme in Global environmental History. Read more here.
Maurits Ertsen is Associate Professor at Water Resources, Delft University of Technology. In his research, Irrigation is closely associated with the start of human civilization; it also has been a major technology in colonial rule and development cooperation. Irrigation is gaining renewed recognition with current climate variability. Ertsen seeks to explore how irrigation realities emerge from the many short-term actions of human agents and am fascinated how central planning is met by farmer responses. He is engaged in projects in the USA, Peru, Kenya, the Netherlands, Kurdistan, Vietnam and China and treasurer of the International Water History Association and secretary of the Dutch Association of Water History. With Heather Hoag (University of San Francisco), he is also the editor of Water History , the journal of IWHA. Read more here.
John Finnigan received a BSc in aeronautical engineering from the University of Manchester in 1968 and a PhD in micrometeorology from the Australian National University in 1978. From 1989 to 1995 he was Head of the CSIRO Centre for Environmental Mechanics, an interdisciplinary research unit organised around the flow of material and energy through the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. In 2004, he founded the Complex Systems Science Centre at CSIRO and has continued to lead Complex Systems Science in the organisation since that time. His current activities include both global integrated assessment modelling of energy and climate mitigation and extending the Planetary Boundaries concept to the intersection of the biophysical and Social domains. This involves construction of conceptual models of the human-earth system that contrast the dynamics of the pre-industrial ‘Malthusian age’ with those of industrial and post-industrial times. He is a Visiting Professor at the School of Geophysical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, an Affiliate Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder Colorado, USA, a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science.
Joel D. Gunn is currently a lecturer in the Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina at Greenboro. His interest is centred around the impact of global climate change on regional cultures around the margins of the Bermuda-Azores Subtropical High, which is to say Maya Lowlands, southeastern United States, and southwestern Europe. Gunn is currently analyzing ecological and social network data on the Maya Lowlands collected by the IHOPE-Maya working group. The objective is to characterize long term processes as products of agency-based decision making, in other words dynasties, and translate those decisions into advise for the modern world economic and cultural system. Read more here.
Kathy Hibbard is a Program Manager for the Terrestrial Ecology Program (TE) at NASA. The program’s research approach combines the use of remote sensing to observe terrestrial ecosystems, field campaigns process studies and modeling to understand ecosystem structure and function. Typical research activities include airborne, in situ and remote sensing instrumentation, observations, and long term ground based and remote sensing programs. Hibbard’s research interests are in how the Earth system is changing, both in response to and driven by human activities and the climate system. She worked for over ten years for the Earth system modeling projects of the International Geosphere/Biosphere Programme (IGBP). Her interest in human/environmental systems continued with the initiation and evolution of the IHOPE activity. Hibbard received her BS and MS in Biology and Range Management at Colorado State University in 1983 and 1987, respectively. She received her Ph.D. in Rangeland Ecology & Management at Texas A&M University in 1995 investigating the consequences of grazing and fire suppression on semiarid savanna systems on soil carbon and nitrogen cycles with a combined field and ecosystem modeling approach.
Christian Isendahl (Ph.D., Uppsala University, 2002) is Associate Professor and Senior Lecturer of Archaeology at the Department of Historical Studies, University of Gothenburg. His main research interests concern issues of long-term sustainability and resilience, and he applies a historical ecological lens to study urbanism, farming systems, water and soil management, and socio-political organization, with a particular focus on urban farming. He is involved in field research in the Maya lowlands of Mexico, the Central Andes of Bolivia, and the Lower Amazon of Brazil. Isendahl is a member of the IHOPE-Maya network, the board of the Swedish Archaeological Society (SAS), and coordinates the World Historical Ecology Network (WHEN). With Daryl Stump (University of York, UK) he is currently putting the final editorial touches on the Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology (forthcoming on Oxford University Press).
Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist is Secretary for the Centre of Medieval Studies at Stockholm University, Sweden, and is a medieval historian and palaeoclimatologist. He is affiliated to the Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, and is Core Team Member in the Past Global Changes (PAGES) 2k Consortium Euro/Med2k Working Group, focusing on reconstructing past climate in the Europe and the Mediterranean over the last 2,000 years. He is author or co-author of over 20 peer reviewed articles in English and have published two books in Swedish. Currently, he is engaged in several research projects in both medieval history and palaeoclimatology.
Jed O. Kaplan is European Research Council Professor in the Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics in the faculty of Geosciences and Environment at the University of Lausanne. His research interests human-environment interactions and the long-term impact of anthropogenic land cover change on global biogeochemical cycles and climate. He is the leader of the European Research Council project COEVOLVE on understanding the record of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations in the preindustrial Holocene, and the Swiss National Science Foundation project ACACIA on the anthropogenic transformation of African landscapes during the Iron Age. More information about Prof. Kaplan and his research is available here.
Hirofumi Kato is an Associate Professor of the Center for Ainu and Indigenous Studies at Hokkaido University. He specializes in the Indigenous Ainu of northern Japan. He is the co-ordinator of Hokkaido University’s Ainu Ethnohistory and Indigenous Archaeology Project, as well as its Indigenous Education Program. His extensive work in Siberia on topics such as technology, cultural transitions, and migrations make him a perfect fit with the Baikal-Hokkaido Archaeology Project. He will be acting as the regional coordinator in Hokkaido and overseeing Rebun excavations and field schools. He will conduct preliminary examinations of the excavated materials; perform archaeometric pottery studies; look at pottery sequences in the broader context of Northeast Asia focusing on manufacturing, usage, and sharing; and investigate culture change and transmission. Read more here
Enrique Leff is a Mexican economist, environmental sociologist and environmentalist. He writes about political ecology, environmental sociology, environmental economics, environmental epistemology and environmental education and is regarded as one of the key environmental thinkers in Latin America. He is best known for arguing that environmental problems result from a crisis of Western civilization’s ways of knowing, understanding and transforming the world. This masks other legitimate ways of thinking and acting in the world, namely forms of ‘eco-development’ and environmental rationality. His work is largely theoretical but his major books cite positive examples of the ethnobotanic practices of Prehispanic cultures in Latin America, sustainable agricultural practices in tropical ecosystems, etc. A recent article is Leff E. (2012). Latin American environmental thinking: a heritage of knowledge for sustainability. Environmental Ethics 34:4.
Raphaël Mathevet is an ecologist and geographer, director of research at the CNRS in the Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive in Montpellier (France). Mixing historical and political ecology approach, he works on the conservation of biodiversity, protected areas and conservation planning tools, adaptive co-management and, evaluation of public policies. He applies simulation tools and role-playing game in interdisciplinary approaches to resolving management conflicts, especially in the context of Mediterranean wetlands and natural resources management. His most recent work focuses on the concept of ecological solidarity, the resilience of social and ecological systems, social representations and mental models, the human dimensions of conservation and human/wildlife conflicts. He is a regular lecturer in several “Grandes Ecoles” and French universities. He is also a member of several scientific committees at local, regional and national levels. He is vice-president of the UNESCO MAB France Committee and a member of the international advisory committee for Biosphere Reserves of the UNESCO Man and Biosphere program.
Tom McGovern has done archaeological fieldwork since 1972 where his main research work has been in the North Atlantic. McGovern was one of the founders of the North Atlantic Biocultural Organization (NABO) and has served as NABO coordinator down to the present. In 2009 NABO was funded by NSF to explore the possibilities of taking this collaborative model global by connecting other regional interdisciplinary teams working in long term human ecodynamics. Following a successful workshop and conference publication, this effort has resulted in the new Global Human Ecodynamics Alliance (GHEA) that has attracted wide interest and NSF support through the new Science Engineering and Education for Sustainability (SEES) initiative and is now connected to IHOPE. McGovern is active in the GHEA alliance and IHOPE through the Circumpolar Networks program. HE is also associate director of the Human Ecodynamics Research Center at the CUNY Graduate Center and has served on multiple NSF and international panels on arctic and interdisciplinary research.
Arupjyoti Saikia, Associate Professor in History, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India and holds the Suryya Kumar Bhuyan Chair in Assam. He was awarded Degree of Doctor in 2003 from the Delhi University, for the thesis Agrarian Society, Economy and Politics: A Study of the Brahmaputra Valley Districts, 1945-52. In 2011-12 he received a post-doctoral fellowship in the Agrarian Studies Programme of the Yale University, New Haven.
Saikias research interest is in the environmental history of India with a geographical focus on the northeastern India. He pursue interests and carry out research in the fields of Indian rivers, forests and farmers’ rights over natural resources. The current research project is entitled The Brahmaputra: An Environmental Biography of Modern Times. The published works include A Forest and Ecological History of Assam, 1826-2000 (Oxford University Press, 2011) and A Century of Protests: Peasant Politics in Assam since 1900 (Routledge, 2014). Read more here.
Vernon L. Scarborough is Distinguished University Research Professor and Charles Phelps Taft Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Cincinnati. His work emphasizes sustainability and global water systems. By examining past engineered landscapes, he addresses both ancient and present societal issues from a comparative ecological and transdisciplinary perspective. Geographically, his published work has included studies about the U.S. Southwest, Belize, Guatemala, Indonesia, Greece, Pakistan, and Sudan. The National Science Foundation, the National Geographic Society, Alphawood Foundation, Taft Foundation, Wenner-Gren Foundation and the School of Advanced Research have supported these efforts. His most recent field work is at Tikal, Guatemala and Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. In addition to editing Water and Humanity: A Historical Overview for UNESCO, he is a Senior Editor for WIREs Water Journal (Wiley-Blackwell) and a Series Editor for New Directions in Sustainability and Society (Cambridge University Press). Read more here.
Vasant Shinde is Professor of Archaeology and Joint Director of the University at The Deccan College, Post-Graduate and Research Institute. His research interests are early farming communities of South Asia, protohistory of South Asia, and Field Archaeology. Read more here.
Anna Shoemaker (Student representative) is a doctoral student at the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala University under prof. Paul Lane. Her research forms part of a larger Resilience in East African Landscapes project (REAL). REAL uses a multidisciplinary approach to provide longer-term historical perspectives on human-environmental interactions in Kenya and Tanzania to enable sustainable landscape and resource use. Shoemakers contribution to the initiative includes researching patterns in pastoral settlement, mobility, economic change, and interaction over the past 500 years in the Amboseli basin of Kenya. Read more here
Ke Zhang is a Research Fellow at the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Australia. Ke got his Ph.D. degree in Geography in Lanzhou University, China. His research mainly focuses on understanding the dynamics of intertwined social-ecological systems across time and space, such as regime shift, tipping point, and connectivity issues. He uses both long term empirical analysis and model approach in his research. His past work covers different regions in China, from Tibetan Plateau and Loess Plateau to Mid-Lower Yangtze River Basin in East China. Ke’s recent work focus on examine the ecosystem regime shifts and resilience in the coastal regions in China. He will address two key questions: how have key ecological and social process evolved through time? What are the potential boundaries or safe operating spaces for the coastal social-ecological systems in order to make a sustainable and desirable future? Read more here
Qiong Zhang is a senior lecturer in climate modelling at the Department of Physical Geography and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Sweden. She is co-leader of the Bolin centre RA5: Historical to millennial climate variability. She is collaborating in research project in Europe and southern Africa and is also involved in collaborations through PAST. Qiong Zhang is coordinating a working group on millennium climate model studies in EC-Earth climate model community and taking the responsibility for paleoclimate simulations within CMIP6. Read more here.